Spray foam insulation is developed from 2 types of composite material, polyurethane and isocyanate. When combined, the 2 materials chemically react to expand and harden. During the insulation process, the 2 materials are sprayed at the same time from the tip of a spray foam gun allowing them to expand and form a protective layer of spray foam insulation over a designated area. Spray foam is widely promoted as a green building material for its ability to improve energy efficiency. It insulates better than fiberglass or cellulose leading to major heating and cooling cost savings for a homeowner.
There are 2 types of spray foam insulation – open cell and closed cell. Open cell is less expensive in general but it has a lower R value per inch (3.6 compared to 7) so a thicker layer is often required. It is permeable to moisture and impermeable to air and has an effective sound dampening effect. The closed cell provides a higher R value per inch and adds structural strength to wall, ceiling and roof assembly. It stops both air and moisture.While all spray foams contain petroleum-based chemicals, some manufacturers have ‘greened’ their formula by reducing the percentage of petroleum-based chemicals in their polyol resin component and replaced that with
While all spray foams contain petroleum-based chemicals, some manufacturers have ‘greened’ their formula by reducing the percentage of petroleum-based chemicals in their polyol resin component and replaced that with resin derived from soy oil or castor oil. These are known as soy-based foams.
Building Energy has been using a non-toxic soy based foam for almost a decade. This is a safe, environmentally friendly foam with the highest R values and quality. HEATLOK SOY®, a closed cell Spray Polyurethane Foam Insulation, has a unique ecological benefit that recycles plastic waste into a Rigid Spray Polyurethane Foam. This helps to more efficiently utilize the world’s nonrenewable resources. HEATLOK SOY® can reduce excess waste and energy consumption in buildings by up to 50%. This is an excellent closed-cell spray foam insulation/air-barrier used in areas where relative humidity levels exceed 55%.
For more informative information on insulation be sure to head to the Building Energy’s Weatherization-Insulation blog. Building Energy provides a full range of energy services to help make your home or business more energy efficient. Start with a Home Energy Audit to determine if Air Sealing, Spray Foam and/or Cellulose insulation is right for you and take advantage of the many incentives Efficiency Vermont has to offer. Head to Building Energy weatherization and insulation services page for more information!